Nitric acid is found in nature, and it can be synthetically produced in a laboratory. Free nitric acid is found in rainwater. It's also an ingredient in fertilizers, explosives such as nitroglycerin and TNT, dyes, plastics, rocket propellants and cleaning solutions. In the laboratory, nitric acid is made by distilling nitrates and sulfuric acid.Continue Reading
According to Encyclopedia.com. nitric acid is a colorless or pale liquid that is highly corrosive and poisonous. One of the strongest mineral acids, nitric acid is a strong oxidizing agent that readily ionizes in solution and conducts electricity well. The substance reacts with metals, oxides and hydroxides to form nitrate salts.
Commercially available forms of nitric acid usually contain 52 to 68 percent nitric acid in water. In solution concentrations of 86 percent or more, nitric acid is called fuming nitric acid. Two types of fuming nitric acid exist: white fuming nitric acid and red fuming nitric acid. Treating either form yields inhibited fuming nitric acid, which is more resistant to corrosion in metals.
Nitric acid causes burns when it comes in contact with the skin. Swallowing it causes burns to the mouth and ulceration to the throat. Relief occurs when an alkaline solution is administered as treatment.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Hyaluronic acid is extracted from rooster combs or made synthetically in the laboratory. Hyaluronic acid is found in the epithelial and conjunctive tissues in the human body. The highest concentrations are found in the fluids of the eyes and joints. Hyaluronic acid works by acting as a lubricant in tissues.Full Answer >
The neutralization of an acidic substance is accomplished by combining it with a basic substance, which results in the formation of water and a salt, explains UC Davis ChemWiki. The neutralization reaction occurs due to the acid donating H+ ions while the base donates OH- ions.Full Answer >
A weak acid is defined by its lower level of ionization with the surrounding solution than strong acids, meaning that it has a lower tendency to exchange protons. Examples of weak acids include ethanoic acid, carbonic acid, hydrogen fluoride and acetic acid.Full Answer >
Acids are not inherently dangerous or bad for the health. Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is important in many body processes. Very strong acids, however, are dangerous and corrosive.Full Answer >