Is NH3 an Acid?


Quick Answer

The molecule NH3, known as ammonia, is a weak base, not an acid. It undergoes a reaction with water where the water molecule is broken apart, forming ammonium and hydroxide ions. The hydroxide ions can accept hydrogen ions from acids, creating water molecules and neutralizing them.

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Full Answer

Ammonia is normally a gas at room temperature, but it dissolves easily in water. It is unlike many other bases that have hydroxide groups, which are particles with an oxygen atom and a hydrogen ion already as part of their molecular structure. In most cases, bases break apart in water, rather than breaking water apart as ammonia does.

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