The neutralization of an acidic substance is accomplished by combining it with a basic substance, which results in the formation of water and a salt, explains UC Davis ChemWiki. The neutralization reaction occurs due to the acid donating H+ ions while the base donates OH- ions.Continue Reading
For an acid-base solution to reach neutralization, the amount, or moles, of H+ ions must be equivalent to the number of moles of OH- ions, notes UC Davis ChemWiki. Thus, if there are four moles of H+ ions in the acid, it neutralizes when combined with the necessary amount of the base to provide four moles of OH- ions.
Once all of the H+ and OH- ions are used up in the reaction with no ions remaining as excess, the reaction is said to be at its equivalence point, UC Davis ChemWiKi explains. If the acid and the base in the reaction are both strong, the resulting solution has a pH of seven. If the acid is strong while the base is weak, a solution with a pH less than seven occurs. Lastly, if the acid is weak while the base is strong, the resulting solution has a pH level higher than seven.
Substances used to neutralize chemical spills are usually weak because the reaction of a strong acid and a strong base is violent, explains Lab Manager. Some neutralizers contain ingredients that cause a spill to change color so that observers can tell when neutralization occurs.Learn more about Acids & Bases
The reaction which occurs between an acid and a carbonate compound produces a salt, water and the release of carbon dioxide. A word equation that can be used to express this reaction is "metal carbonate + acid —> metal salt + water + carbon dioxide." A similar result occurs if the compound reacting with an acid is a bicarbonate substance.Full Answer >
Mixing a base with an acid results in a chemical reaction called neutralization. The result is a perfectly balanced solution of salt and water with a pH of 7 if the acid and base are balanced properly. Depending on the bases and acids used, it can be a dangerous experiment.Full Answer >
An acid is a substance that donates a proton, and a base is a substance that accepts a proton. A base is a chemical compound that forms OH- ions when dissolved in water and reacts with acids to form salts. An acid is a chemical compound that forms H+ ions when dissolved in water and reacts with bases to form salts.Full Answer >
Hydrofluoric acid is a toxic substance used in the manufacture of refined oil, Teflon, metallic aluminum and cleaning products. It is denoted by the chemical formula HF, indicating that each molecule of hydrofluoric acid contains one atom of hydrogen and one atom of fluorine.Full Answer >