At room temperature, neon's state of matter is gas. It is a very rare, inert gaseous element that is found in the noble gases section in group 18 of the periodic table. Neon is represented by the element symbol Ne, and its atomic number is 10.
Neon, which is the 10th element on the period table, was first discovered by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers, who was one of his students, in 1898. Neon is an odorless, tasteless and colorless gas that is obtained through fractional distillation of liquid air. Although neon is colorless, it normally glows reddish orange when in an electric discharge. It is considered the second-lightest gas, after helium, among noble gases.
The chemical and physical properties of neon are used to distinguish it from other substances. Most substances have their states of matter as liquids, solids, plasma and gases. The physical properties of neon are those properties that can be observed without necessarily changing the element into another substance. Neon changes into a liquid at minus 245.95 degrees Celsius, and it is soluble in water.
The chemical properties of neon are those properties that determine how it is likely to react with other substances. Neon does not react with oxygen in typical conditions, and it is typically chemically inactive.