Neon is its own chemical element, not a compound of elements. Neon is an inert gas and part of the noble gases group in the periodic table.
Neon has no color, odor or taste and weighs less than air. It is found, in small amounts, within the rocks of Earth's crust and in the planet's atmosphere. Neon becomes liquid at a temperature of -246.048 degrees Celsius and freezes at 2.5 degrees below that temperature. Under low pressure and an electrical current, the gas produces a bright light with an orange-red hue, leading to the utilization of neon in signs and lamps.