Fungi and bacteria are primary decomposers. Different types of worms, mushrooms, termites, snails and slugs are also considered to be decomposers. Decomposers break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals.Continue Reading
Decomposers are called nature's recyclers, as they break down the organic matter in an ecosystem. The term "organic matter" refers to the matter that comes from living organisms. Decomposers convert all organic matter into carbon dioxide, which they respire, and nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium, that can be used by the producers. This process resupplies nutrients to the ecosystem and results in greater primary production. Decomposers play one of the most important roles to balance the food chain of an ecosystem.
Bacteria and fungi do the majority of decomposition activity. Fungi work on plants, breaking down cellulose and lignin, the largest of the complex carbohydrates. Bacteria work on everything from animal proteins to plant carbohydrates. Once these complex compounds are broken down into smaller molecules, they can be ingested by small animals such as insects or taken up by plants and thus recycle the food chain again. Decomposers are also important as they remove the dead and decaying organic matter from ecosystems and make the environment clean and inhabitable.Learn more about Environmental Science
Some decomposers that are found in the Arctic are bacteria and fungi. In a food chain, decomposers are organisms that can break down dead organic matter, such as plants and animals. Bacteria are the smallest type of decomposers.Full Answer >
Decomposers help the environment by breaking down large organic molecules into forms that other organisms can use, releasing them into the ground, water and air. They can get energy from organic compounds other species cannot. Without decomposers, many of these compounds would remain unusable and would even obstruct new life.Full Answer >
There are three main decomposers in the prairie: the dung beetle, carrion beetle and worm. These insects help the prairie ecosystem decompose waste left by plants and animals. They have an important role to play in the ecosystem's food web, according to Nature Works. They recycle the waste from plants and animals into useful chemicals such as carbon and nitrogen, which in turn benefit both the air and soil.Full Answer >
Decomposers help reclaim carbon from dead organisms and put it back into the carbon cycle so living organisms can use it. Decomposers break down dead plants, animals and waste products. This process releases carbon dioxide through cellular respiration.Full Answer >