The human foot has 26 bones separated into three groups, including phalanges, tarsal bones and metatarsal bones. The phalanges create the toes and the tarsal bones represent the ankle and upper part of the foot. The metatarsal bones make up the body of the foot and, combined with the phalanges, comprise the front of the foot.
All phalanges, or toes, except the big toe have three bones and two joints. The bones are called the distal phalanx, middle phalanx and proximal phalanx. The big toe has two bones and one joint.
The seven tarsal bones include the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, three cuneiforms and the navicular. Also known as the heel, the calcaneus is the foot's largest bone. The talus is the lower portion of the ankle joint and it is the foot's second largest bone. The talus and calcaneous bones make up the hindfoot.
The cuboid is found on the outer part of the foot by the little toe, or fifth phalanx. Cuneiforms are the bones closest in proximity to the metatarsal bones. Consisting of three small bones, medial, intermediate and lateral, cuneiforms start at the inside of the foot and move toward the foot's outside.
The navicular bone is between the cuneiform bones and the talus. The midfoot includes the cuneiform, cuboid and navicular bones.