The name of the compound NH3 is ammonia or nitrogen trihydride. Another name for this compound is azane. Its molecular formula is 17.03 grams per mole, and it is a colorless but pungent gas.
Ammonia's boiling point is -28 degrees Fahrenheit, and its melting point is -108 degrees. It is soluble in chloroform and water. In water, ammonia produces an alkaline solution. Some applications of ammonia and its compounds are for fertilizers, refrigeration and explosives. The various compounds of ammonia used as fertilizers include ammonium phosphate and ammonium nitrate.
The production of ammonia involves the reaction of hydrogen and nitrogen gases with the addition of a catalyst, heat and pressure. This is an exothermic reaction.