The Moon is about 25 percent of Earth's diameter and 1/50 the volume. The Earth's diameter is about 12,742 kilometers, while the Moon is about 3,474 kilometers.
The Earth is larger than the Moon in every aspect. The Moon's gravity is about one-sixth the gravity of Earth. The surface of the Moon is also different than that of the Earth. The Moon is composed of a rugged, rocky surface with numerous craters and a few mountains. Despite what many people believe, the Moon does not produce its own light, rather it is the reflection of the powerful rays of the sun.