The mons pubis is the pad of fat that covers that pubic bone of a woman, protecting it during sexual intercourse. The mons pubis is not present in men. Other names for the mons pubis include mons, pubic mound and mons veneris.
The mons pubis is part of the vulva. It divides into the labia majora. The main function of the mons pubis is to protect the pubic bone and underlying bones and muscles. The mons pubis is affected by estrogen. In female children, the mons pubis is flat, becoming thicker during and after a female undergoes puberty between the ages of 11 and 13. The mons pubis also grows a thick covering of pubic hair around this time.
The tissue of the mons pubis is very sensitive and contains many sweat glands and sebaceous glands. These glands provide an olfactory experience that increases sexual arousal.
After a female reaches menopause and there is less estrogen in her system, the fatty tissue on the mons pubis decreases and the pubic hair present turns gray and thins out. The mons pubis is also affected by pregnancy, which sometimes causes excessive fatty tissue. Weight gain or loss also contributes to excessive fatty tissue on the mons pubis.