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What monosaccharides make up sucrose?

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Quick Answer

The monosaccharides glucose and fructose join together to make up sucrose, which is a disaccharide. Sucrose's chemical structure contains a glucose ring and a fructose ring, which are connected by an acetal oxygen bridge. Sugar canes and sugar beets are used to manufacture sucrose through different processes.

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Full Answer

Sucrose has the chemical formula C12H22O11. Besides sucrose, other disaccharides are maltose and lactose. Another monosaccharide is galactose.

Monosaccharides and disaccharides are types of carbohydrates. However, a third class of carbohydrate is a polysaccharide, which is made up of a long chain of three or more monosaccharides. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates that include starch and glycogen.

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