When monomers join together they form a polymer. A monomer is a single unit that is repeated several times to form a long chain of units, or a large molecule referred to as a macromolecule. Polymers can be naturally occurring as well as synthetic.Continue Reading
The process of combining monomer units into large molecules is called polymerization. Polyvinyl chloride is an example of a synthetic plastic polymer in which the monomer unit is the vinyl chloride unit, or C2H3Cl. Polyethylene and polypropylene are some widely used synthetic polymers.
Wool, rubber, amber, cellulose and silk are examples of naturally occurring polymers. The genetic material DNA, found in the nucleus of a cell, is also a polymer.Learn more about Chemistry
Wheat flour is composed of starches in its polymer form, and has a chemical formula of (C6H10O5)n. The n is referred to a link, as the chemical formula given is the basic compound for wheat flour, although wheat flour will typically have more than one of these chemical compounds linked to one another. Starch is a carbohydrate and can be further categorized as an amylase.Full Answer >
Acrylic plastic is a strong, clear polymer used in a host of industries including, but not limited to automobiles, lighting fixtures, optical applications and electronic applications. Acrylic plastic is also used as an additive in paints and fuels.Full Answer >
The monomers of DNA and RNA are nucleotides, which are made up of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar and a nitrogenous base. In DNA, the nitrogenous bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine. In RNA, the nitrogenous bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine and uracil.Full Answer >
The monomers of carbohydrates are known as monosaccharides. The Royal Society of Chemistry describes monomers as the most basic building blocks of carbohydrates. They are required to make more complex carbohydrates, such as disaccharides and polysaccharides.Full Answer >