According to Dictionary.com, a monoacidic base is a base that when dissolved in water produces one hydroxide ion or OH-, per molecule. In other words, a monoacidic base divides itself into two main components or molecules after reacting with water. One of the molecules is always a hydroxide ion and based on the definition of a monoacidic base, only one hydroxide ion is present.Continue Reading
According to Purdue, the general term "base" refers to any substance that donates a pair of nonbinding electrons to release a hydroxide ion into a solution. Mono is derived from the Greek word “monos,” which means single or alone. Together, the words “mono” and “base” imply that monoacidic base means “one base" or a base with a single hydroxide ion.
Sodium hydroxide, or NAOH, is an example of a monoacidic base. When sodium hydroxide reacts with water, it dissociates into sodium and hydroxide. The equation is written as follows: NaOH (s) ? Na+ (aq) + OH- (aq). NAOH is a strong base because when the hydroxide ion is liberated from water, it causes the solution to splatter or boil. Some monoacidic bases, such as sodium hydroxide, produce an exothermic or heat-generating reaction, when they react with water. Sodium hydroxide, which is also known as lye, is a caustic base that is used to make soap.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Alcohol can act as both an acid and a base, similar to water. Alcohols are slightly weaker acids than water but still react with strong bases such as sodium hydride and metals such as sodium. However, the oxygen atom makes alcohol a weaker base in the presence of strong acid-like sulfuric acid.Full Answer >
Sodium carbonate, also known as soda ash, forms a medium-strength base when in a solution of water. Depending on the amount of sodium carbonate in the solution, the pH can range from around 11.3 to 11.7.Full Answer >
Alkali compounds are a type of base that dissolves in water; many types of bases do not dissolve in water, and so they are not alkali. Any type of base reacts with acid and neutralizes it. Most alkali compounds contain a hydroxyl group, which is a negative ion containing bonded oxygen and hydrogen.Full Answer >
Some of the properties of acids are that they conduct electricity when they are dissolved in water, liberate hydrogen when they react with active metals and, when combined with a base, will produce a salt and a neutralized base. Acids also have a pH which is less than 7 in an aqueous solution, and will change the color of blue litmus paper to red. In an operational sense, acids increase the concentration of H+ ions when they are dissolved in water.Full Answer >