The molecular formula for dextrose is C6H12O6. This compound, also known as glucose, contains six carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms and six oxygen atoms. The molecular structure of dextrose does not form a complete carbon ring with all six atoms. The sixth link of the ring is occupied by oxygen.
The sixth carbon atom links to one of the ends of the chain of the five, and each carbon atom attaches to one oxygen atom. Dextrose is a naturally occurring sugar found in most fruits and many plants throughout the world. It is used by many living organisms as a primary source of energy. Industrially, dextrose is extracted from a wide variety of plant material and is used to sweeten many processed foods.