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How does mitosis lead to two daughter cells?

A:

Quick Answer

Mitosis results in two identical daughter cells when the parent cell divides in half with each part receiving the DNA, organelles and cytoplasm needed to become a full cell. After mitosis, each cell uses the DNA it received as a template for the missing DNA.

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Full Answer

Cells undergoing mitosis organize their DNA to assure each daughter cell can replicate a full set of DNA. DNA is tightly packaged in chromosomes. Spindles at opposite poles of the cell split the chromosomes into two halves called chromatids. Sister chromatids are complimentary not identical. Daughter cells, therefore, are not identical until DNA replication replaces the missing DNA. Successful mitosis results in each cell containing exactly one chromatid from each chromosome.

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