Minerals found in tap water include calcium, sodium and magnesium. Selenium, potassium and silica may also be found in some tap water, depending on location. The amounts of these minerals in drinking water have ramifications for health and the proper working of plumbing systems and appliances.Continue Reading
Calcium, potassium, selenium and magnesium are necessary for good health. There are studies that show that people who drink water with minerals in it are more hydrated than people who drink demineralized water. However, too many minerals in tap water can make the water "hard." Hard water can leave behind a material known as limescale inside plumbing pipes. Over time, limescale can become so thick that it can lower the water pressure or cut off the water flow altogether. Eventually, affected pipes will need to be replaced, which is a time-consuming and expensive job.
Limescale can also clog pipes that feed washing machines and other household appliances that use water, which can shorten the life of the appliance. Minerals in tap water can also leave laundry feeling dingy when it comes out of the wash, and can leave behind residue and rings in the bathtub and shower stall that can be hard to remove.Learn more about Chemistry
All metallic oxides that react with water to form a base solution are considered basic anhydrides, including lithium, magnesium, sodium and calcium oxides. Only the oxides formed by the alkali metals and alkali earth metals, Groups I and II on the periodic table respectively, are basic anhydrides.Full Answer >
To prevent muscle cramps, which occur due to muscle spasms or uncontrolled contractions of one or multiple muscles, drink lots of water to keep the body hydrated, perform stretching exercises before an exercise routine, and consume foods with high amounts of vitamins and minerals such as magnesium and calcium, recommends WebMD. To treat muscle cramps, massage the affected area, stretch the muscle, or press an ice pack on it. It also helps to take a bath with Epsom salt.Full Answer >
The H2O Concepts water treatment system is designed to remove chlorine and other damaging chemicals from tap water while still leaving the calcium and magnesium necessary for healthy bodies. The system also removes algae and bacteria, which can cause illness.Full Answer >
Glaceau Smart Water is mostly derived from tap water, but purified of all minerals and enhanced with potassium, electrolytes and magnesium chloride for taste. The website argues that Smart Water doesn't offer any scientific benefits over other purified water, since it uses standard purification methods.Full Answer >