Mendel's Law is observed in meiosis because modern scientists are fully aware of chromosomes and genes, and paired chromosomes separate during meiosis. In this way gene pairs are segregated, proving Mendel's Law of Segregation beyond doubt.Continue Reading
While Gregor Mendel's Law of Segregation is perhaps his most well known, the famous monk and scientist postulated three laws of inheritance. They are:
Mendel's three famous hypotheses elegantly explained genetics to a generation that was wholly ignorant of chromosomes and genes in the way that modern geneticists understand them.
The duplication of a cell results in the duplication of DNA as it divides twice to produce four reproductive cells. It is this process that is known as meiosis.
Despite the fact that modern scientists now have an infinitely greater understanding of the cell division process in all sexually-reproducing eukaryotes, Mendel's groundbreaking work ensured that he gained great fame posthumously. He is often referred to as the father of the modern science of genetics.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA