The melting point of copper is 1,984.31 degrees Fahrenheit, or 1,084.62 degrees Celsius. According to the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), its boiling point is 4,643.6 degrees Fahrenheit, or 2,562 degrees Celsius.
In the periodic table, copper, abbreviated as Cu, belongs to the same family as silver (Ag), gold (Au) and roentgenium (Rg). The atomic number of copper is 29, and its relative atomic mass is 63.55. In the human body, copper is an essential element whose daily requirement for an adult is 1.2 milligrams. The metal is used in coinage and electrical wiring, while various copper compounds are used in agriculture and laboratory tests.