The melting point of benzoic acid is 122.4 degrees Celsius. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, benzoic acid is also known as dracylic acid, benzeneformic acid, benzenecarboxylicacid, 65-85-0, phenylformic acid, carboxybenzene and benzenemethanoic acid.
Benzoic acid is a fungistatic compound that is used as a food preservative; it is quickly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract of mammals and conjugated with glycine in the liver. The conjugation of the benzoic acid and glycine creates hippuric acid, which is excreted rapidly in the urine. Benzoic acid occurs in nature in combined and free forms. Benzoic acid is also used as a plasticizer and to season tobacco.