What Are the Medical Names for Organs of the Female Anatomy?


Quick Answer

The female anatomy is composed of both internal and external parts. The external parts of the female reproductive system are collectively known as the vulva, and they include the labia majora, the labia minora, the clitoris and Bartholin's glands. The internal portion of the reproductive system includes the vaginal canal, the cervix, the uterus, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries.

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What Are the Medical Names for Organs of the Female Anatomy?
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Full Answer

The labia majora are the larger outer skin of the vulva. The smaller flaps of skin that are often visible when pulling the labia majora aside are called the labia minora. The clitoris is a very small protuberance of nerve endings located above the labia minora and majora that is usually covered by a protective hood of skin. The clitoris contains 8,000 nerve endings, twice the number of nerve endings typically found in the head of the male penis.

The Bartholin's glands are invisible to the naked eye and help to lubricate the vulva. The cervix is the opening to the uterus and is located on the back wall of the vaginal canal. The ovaries contain the female oocytes, or eggs, which travel down the fallopian tubes to prepare for either menstruation or fertilization by the male sperm. The uterus is where the fertilized oocyte, called a zygote, can develop into a baby.

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