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# How does mass affect acceleration?

**According to Newton’s second law of motion, force is equal to mass times acceleration, meaning that mass and acceleration are inversely proportional.** A constant force applied to two bodies of different masses leads to higher acceleration in the less massive body than in the more massive one.

Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity of an object due to a net force. This net force is the resultant force of all forces acting on the body at any given instant. The larger the magnitude of this net force, the larger the acceleration of the body. One of the definitions of mass is the resistance of a body to motion in general and acceleration in particular due to the application of force. The more massive a body is, the less it accelerates due to the application of force.

The concept of resistance to acceleration is closely tied to Newton’s first law and inertia, the tendency of a body to resist any change in its state of motion. The mass in Newton’s second law is often called the inertial mass, because it defines this tendency of a body to resist changes in motion. Moving a body from rest or stopping a moving body must always be accompanied by acceleration or deceleration regardless of how gradual or abrupt the change in motion.

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## What is the formula to calculate force?

A: For an object with unchanging mass, force equals mass times acceleration. This is abbreviated as f = ma. Force is a push/pull on an object resulting from i... Full Answer >Filed Under: -
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## How are force and mass related?

A: Force and mass are related by their opposite influence on acceleration: Force increases acceleration, whereas mass causes acceleration to decrease. Mass is... Full Answer >Filed Under: -
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## What is the net force formula?

A: The formula for calculating net force is the mass of the object multiplied by the acceleration. This formula is commonly written as "F = ma", where "F" rep... Full Answer >Filed Under: -
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## What is the law of acceleration?

A: The law of acceleration is formally referred to as Newton's Second Law of Motion and defines the rate of acceleration as a product of the force exerted on ... Full Answer >Filed Under: