Silver, which has a chemical symbol of Ag, has one or two valence electrons. In its most common oxidation state, silver typically contains a single valence electron.
The chemical symbol Ag is derived from the Latin word "argentum," meaning silver. It is number 47 on the periodic table. It is classified as a transition metal and considered one of the noble metals.
Silver is less malleable than gold. It has the highest thermal and electrical conductivity of all metals. Silver halide crystals darken when exposed to light. This discovery led to the science of photography.
Silver is also commonly used in jewelry, silverware, batteries, dental compounds, circuits, mirrors, electrical contacts, brazing and soldering.