When the volcano Krakatoa erupted in 1883, at least 36,417 died from the eruption itself and the tsunamis it created. On Aug. 27, 1883, two-thirds of the volcano collapsed during a chain of violent eruptions that almost destroyed the entirety of the island and surrounding archipelagos.
The Krakatoa volcano is located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. Even before the eruption, the seismic activity around the volcano was great; some earthquakes were felt as far away as Australia. When it erupted in 1883, the explosions were heard as far as 3,000 miles away, making it the loudest explosion in recorded history. Twenty million tons of sulfur were released into the air, creating a volcanic winter that dropped the temperature around the world by about 1.2 degrees Celsius, or 2.2 degrees Fahrenheit, for five years. The Krakatoa volcano has erupted many times since then though none have been as drastic as the 1883 eruption.