Mitosis produces two new daughter cells that are genetically identical to their parent cell. This type of cell division is used to grow as well as repair damaged cells and tissues.
Mitosis is a process that multicellular organisms utilize on a daily basis. It is broken into four different phases, and those four phases plus interphase make up the cell cycle. The first phase of mitosis is prophase. During this stage, chromosomes inside the cell's nucleus begin to condense as the cell's DNA begins to coil. The genes in the DNA strands lose their ability to function during this phase.
Next, metaphase occurs. During this phase, the chromosomes move to the center of the cell and form a line known as the metaphase plate. Metaphase ends whenever the chromosomes split and form chromatids. Anaphase begins and the total chromosome number is doubled. Each are pulled to the ends of the cell. During the next phase, telophase, the chromosomes reach the poles of the cell. Cytokinesis begins and the cell uncoils (essentially the reverse of prophase) to form two daughter cells. The two daughter cells have a full set of chromosomes, and the two cells are identical and can function properly.