How many chromosomes are visible at the beginning of mitosis?


Quick Answer

Mitosis produces a cell with the 46 chromosomes doubled for the process of prophase resulting in 92 chromosomes. From here the cells split into two daughter cells of 46 chromosomes each.

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Full Answer

Mitosis is the process of cell creation. It is a constant process in the human body with blood cells, skin tissue and hair follicles a few examples of the constantly growing body. As a result of this chromosomes undergoing mitosis need to double up and split to create two daughter cells of the present. Humans have 46 chromosomes per cell. During mitosis 92 chromosomes are present as the spindle, forming the equatorial line, pulls the chromosomes into their own separate structures.

The early stages of mitosis are difficult to view as the nucleus in which chromosomes occur is blocked by the dark mass of the forming nucleolus. The nucleolus is made up of proteins and ribonucleic acids. Its function is to transcribe RNA and combine it with proteins to create incomplete ribosomes.

The chromatin begins to condense allowing the first view of actual diploid cells visible in the metaphase of the process.

Mitosis is both necessary and dangerous to human beings. It promotes growth but if not stopped after the initial reaction it continues to grow resulting in a tumor and possibly cancer.

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