The anticodon is a sequence of three bases, each containing a complementary codon within messenger RNA. In protein synthesis, complementary base pairs are formed between the base pairs of the anticodon and the base pairs of the codon itself during the process of translation.
The complementary base pairs formed between codons and anticodons are just one phase of the translation process. The purpose of translation is to convert a sequence from the messenger RNA into a sequence of amino acids. When these sequences join together, a protein is formed.
Multiple copies of proteins are capable of being produced from one messenger RNA molecule. This is because ribosome clusters called polysomes are capable of translating a single messenger RNA molecule simultaneously.