How Do You Make a 3D Cell Model?

To make a 3D plant cell model with play clay, make organelles with clay of different colors, each wrapped in white clay that stands for the cytoplasm. The last two wrapping layers are the membrane and the cell wall.

There are three types of cells to base the model on: procaryotic cells and two types of eucaryotic cells. Procaryotes are simple organisms such as bacteria. These cells contain no organelles. Plant and animal cells are called eucaryotic. Both exhibit complexity in their structure. Within their cytoplasm, various organelles are responsible for functions such as feeding, transport and packaging.

  1. Prepare the clay
  2. Choose pieces of play dough or clay, such as Crayola's Model Magic, of different colors to represent various organelles. Let white clay be the cytoplasm. The large central vacuole can be blue, and the nucleus can be purple. Green clay shaped into ovals can represent chloroplasts, and yellow clay can be mitochondria. Thin red stripes can stand for the golgi apparatus; small blue balls can be peroxisome.

  3. Assemble the cell model
  4. Enveloping each organelle in a layer of white clay for cytoplasm, put together the plant cell model. The nucleus and the endoplasmic reticulum around it will go in the center, followed by the vacuole and the rest of the organelles. Finish by putting a membrane and then a cell wall around the whole model.

  5. Let dry and slice
  6. Leave the model for a few days to dry. Slice with a string or a sharp knife into sections to study the internal structure.