The major bony components of the thorax are the sternum, thoracic vertebrae and ribs. These bony components are in conjunction with intervertebral discs and costal cartilage.Continue Reading
The top of the thorax contains the sternum, which can also be referred to as the breastbone. This is a flat bone that helps to protect the rest of the thorax. It is a long, sword shaped bone with a piece of cartilage on the end called the xiphoid process. It is located in between the two collarbones.
Thoracic vertebrae are similar to the lumbar vertebrae that are located in the back. There are 12 vertebrae in the thoracic system. They work together with the sternum to hold the ribs into place and are there for the protection of the organs that are in the ribcage system. The way these vertebrae articulate, or move, is important to the way that the ribs move.
There are 12 ribs in the thorax. They are resilient and lightweight, making them ideal for the organ protection they provide. There are true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs. True ribs are connected to the sternum with costal cartilage. False ribs are only attached to other ribs and do not ever directly touch the sternum. Floating ribs are only connected to the thoracic vertebrae and "float" in the thorax area.Learn more about Zoology
Characteristics common to all vertebrates include bilateral symmetry, two pairs of jointed appendages, outer covering of protective cellular skin, metamerism, developed coeloms and internal skeletons, developed brains, vertebrae and sensory organs. Vertebrates also have respiratory systems, closed circulatory systems, genital and excretory systems and digestive tracts.Full Answer >
The tail of a dog is an extension of its spine and is composed of individual bony segments called vertebrae. A tail may contain from six to 23 vertebrae.Full Answer >
All fish are cold-blooded, have vertebrae, have fins and breathe through gills. Most fish have skeletons made of bone though sharks and rays have skeletons made of cartilage.Full Answer >
Some characteristics all reptiles have in common are that they have scales, lungs and backbones or vertebrae. Reptiles are also ectothermic. Although most reptiles lay eggs, there are some that have live birth, such as blue-tongue skinks, boas and some chameleons.Full Answer >