What Are the Main Uses of Hydrochloric Acid?

The main uses of hydrochloric acid include the production of fertilizers, dyes and electroplating. Hydrochloric acid is also utilized in the production of rubber products and textiles. One of the most important uses of hydrochloric acid is the pickling of steel.

Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, highly pungent solution comprised of hydrogen chloride and water. A highly corrosive mineral acid, hydrochloric acid has numerous industrial uses. Hydrochloric acid is used throughout the chemical industry and for large-scale production of vinyl chloride, the material used to produce PVC plastic. Originally known as muriatic acid or spirits of salt, widespread production of hydrochloric acid began during the Industrial Revolution.