Q:

What are the main disadvantages of coal mining?

A:

Quick Answer

The main disadvantage of coal mining is that it is very hazardous to the health of the people involved in mining, while also having serious negative effects on the environment. Another disadvantage of coal mining is that it is a nonrenewable energy source that will eventually run out, which means that it cannot be depended on as a permanent source of energy.

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Full Answer

Thousand of miners die each year as a result of mines collapsing, explosions and a respiratory illness referred to as "black lung". Coal mining often causes flooding and erosion that leads to the destruction of ecosystems vital to humans and animals. Toxins and chemicals from coal mining are often released into the soil, air and water, which hinders the environment further along with the animals and people living in it.

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    How is coal extracted?

    A:

    The two main methods used for coal extraction are surface mining and underground mining. The methods used to extract coal depend on the geology of the coal deposits. According to Energy Trends Insider, the amount of coal produced by one miner in one hour has more than tripled since 1978 because of improvements in mining technology and the growth in surface mining.

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  • Q:

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of surface mining?

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    Advantages of surface mining include economic and financial benefits for miners and communities and a safer alternative to pit mining, but its disadvantages include environmental impacts, such as erosion and contamination. Surface mining, also called strip mining, delivers economically vital supplies of coal, which powers transportation and creates consumer products, boosting local economies. This type of mining occurs primarily on mountaintops, and dates back to the early 20th century when new machines made moving earth easier.

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  • Q:

    Where do we get coal?

    A:

    Coal is located in seams within the earth and is brought to the surface by a process known as mining. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), there are around 257 billion recoverable short tons of coal in the U.S. as of 2014.

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    What are the natural resources of the savanna biome?

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