Mae Jemison made history as the first African-American female astronaut. In September 1992, she flew into space aboard the space shuttle Endeavor as a science mission specialist.
Jemison's application to NASA's astronaut training academy was accepted in 1987, earning her a place in history as the program's first African-American female trainee. During her space mission, she conducted experiments and documented the effects of weightlessness on her fellow crew members. Jemison logged more than 190 hours in space.
For her accomplishments, Jemison received numerous honorary doctorate degrees. In 1988, she was given the Essence Technology and Science award. Gamma Sigma Gamma sorority named her woman of the year in 1990 and two years later, a public school in Detroit was named after her. In 1993, People Magazine included Jemison in its list of the world's 50 most beautiful people.
After leaving NASA in 1993, the former astronaut created a technological research organization. She also became a sought-after public speaker.
Jemison received her Bachelor of Science degree in chemical engineering from Stanford University in 1977 and a medical degree from Cornell University in 1981. Before entering the NASA space program, she spent several years working in Africa as a Peace Corps medical officer.