While humans use copper in many ways, one of the most important is for the piping systems in homes and businesses. Copper provides a long-lasting material that does not rust. It ensures that the water supply in a home remains safe for human consumption. Copper pipes carry the refrigerants in heating and cooling systems to keep homes comfortable.Continue Reading
Copper wiring safely supplies electricity in homes. In the past, construction has attempted to use other metals, such as aluminum, for wiring with disastrous results. Copper wires allow the transmission of power without overheating to cause fires.
Artists use copper in sculptures, statues and other works. With exposure to the elements, it develops a characteristic blue-green patina like that of the Statue of Liberty, which contains over 80 tons of copper sheeting.
The physical characteristics of copper increase its usefulness. Copper is durable and lasts for many years in applications. It is strong and yet relatively light in weight. Its ductile nature allows manufacturers to draw or stretch it into long wires. Its malleability allows them to hammer or roll it into thin sheets without breaking it, according to the U.S. Government Services Administration.
Copper is widely recycled, according to Geology.com. On a worldwide basis, 33 percent of the copper consumed is recycled. Both copper and its alloys melt easily for reuse. Further refinement of scrap copper produces refined copper without losing the physical or chemical properties of the metal.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The solubility of copper depends on what ionic form it is found in and what ions it is bonded with. Copper ionic salts are generally insoluble, although there are several notable exceptions such as halide salts and copper sulfate. Cu+2 is slightly more soluble than Cu+1.Full Answer >
Commercial bronze, which is made up of 90 percent copper and 10 percent zinc, has a density of 8.8 grams per cubic centimeter. Some types of bronze contain other elements, which affects their density.Full Answer >
According to the Mohs hardness scale, a list of soft metals includes lead, gold, silver, tin, zinc, aluminum, thorium, copper, brass and bronze. Gallium might also be considered a soft metal, as it melts at 85.57 degrees Fahrenheit. Mercury is a metal that's liquid at room temperature.Full Answer >
The density of copper is 8.96 grams per cubic centimeter. Copper is a metal element that has the atomic number of 29 and the atomic weight 63.546 grams per mole. Copper belongs in group 11 on the periodic table.Full Answer >