Q:

What is the M phase known as?

A:

Quick Answer

The M phase in the cell cycle is known as the mitotic phase and is comprised of mitosis and cytokinesis. The outcome of the M phase is two distinct but identical daughter cells with the same genetic material.

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Full Answer

Mitosis, a form of cell division, is divided into four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. These stages represent the cell's chromosomes differentiating from one another and dividing into two separate nuclei. Cytokinesis is when the cytoplasm of the cell divides, and it occurs during telophase and after the division of the nucleus. Interphase, which is when the cell grows and copies its genetic material, precedes mitosis.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is involved in cell division of animal cells?

    A:

    The division of animal cells, or mitosis, involves division of the nucleus and cytokinesis, or division of the cytoplasm. Identical copies of all 23 chromosomes are present in both the original and two daughter cells that result.

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  • Q:

    How do plant cells divide?

    A:

    Plant cells divide through the process of mitosis, followed by cytokinesis. Mitosis in plant cells is similar to mitosis in animal cells, which occurs in four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between cytokinesis and mitosis?

    A:

    Mitosis and cytokinesis differ in that mitosis the process in which a duplicated genome within a cell separates into identical halves, while cytokinesis involves the division of cellular cytoplasm into two daughter cells. Although both processes produce offspring cells, the cells produced during mitosis are identical, while those produced by cytokinesis are not. These processes also vary in length and complexity: mitosis occurs in three distinct phases, while cytokinesis requires just two.

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  • Q:

    How does mitosis differ between plants and animals?

    A:

    Differences between plant and animal cell mitosis include the presence of mid bodies, the role microfilaments play in cytokinesis and whether centrosome occurs. Initially, animal cell mitosis occurs in the epithelia and bone marrow, while plant cell mitosis is found in meristems.

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