The lunar highlands are elevated areas on the moon that were created by material that accumulated in layers from the ejecta of craters. The highlands are riddled with craters and the rocks found there are thought to be between 3.84 and 4.48 billion years old. These craters were formed by the intense bombardment on the moon in the early days of its existence.Continue Reading
The rocks found in the highlands are big and largely anorthosite. This means they are igneous and originate deep in the body of the moon. They form when lava cools over time and are made out of plagioclase feldspar, making the crystals of the rocks are glassy, brittle and nearly transparent. These rocks also have a very large amount of calcium.
The lunar highlands are visible from Earth. They are notable because they are lighter than the maria, which are relatively smooth and flat areas on the lunar surface. The highlands are called terrae, which is Latin for Earth. The word maria is plural for the word for sea. The light color of the highland rocks comes because of their anorthosite qualities. The maria are dark because they are mostly made from basalt, another igneous rock.Learn more about Our Moon
The light spots on the moon are called lunar highlands. The darker areas of the moon are called maria, and they are lower in altitude than the lighter spots. The highlands lie several kilometers above the maria.Full Answer >
According to Astronomy Magazine, the moon turns red during a lunar eclipse because it is illuminated by the light that refracts through Earth's atmosphere. While the moon may pass into Earth's umbral shadow, the light that bends around the planet is enough to give its satellite an eerie red pallor.Full Answer >
Even if you cannot see the moon in the night sky due to clouds or light pollution, you can still find out the lunar phase by checking a lunar calendar. Although the lunar cycle lasts roughly a month, it isn't exact and there is some drift over time.Full Answer >
When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin first attempted to pilot their lunar lander back off the moon, a critical switch broke, forcing the astronauts to improvise a solution with a ballpoint pen. Aldrin took responsibility for breaking the switch, but he was also the one who found the solution in a ballpoint pen.Full Answer >