The trough is the lowest point of a wave. A wave is a type of disturbance that transmits energy through a medium from one specific position to another. A transverse wave is the type of wave where there are these high and low points.Continue Reading
A transverse wave is one in which the medium's vibrating element moves at right angles to the direction of its propagation. The medium can be water or a rope. Along with troughs, transverse waves have high points called crests. Some other characteristics of transverse waves are their amplitudes, frequencies and wavelengths.
A wave's amplitude is measured from the top of the crest to the rest position of the medium. The amplitude gives the maximum displacement. The frequency is how many waves move through a given point within a certain interval of time. The wavelength is the distance between either two adjacent troughs or two crests.Learn more about Measurements
Parts of a transverse wave include the crest, trough, amplitude and wavelength. The crest is the top of the wave, and the trough is the bottom. The amplitude refers to the height of the wave from the midpoint, or rest point, of the wave. The wavelength is the length it takes for the wave to complete one cycle.Full Answer >
The bottom of a wave, or a low spot between waves, is referred to as the trough, while the top of a wave is referred to as the crest. As waves elevate, the force of gravity pulls them back down, causing the crest of a new wave to form.Full Answer >
Frequency is measured using a unit called the hertz to denote the number of cycles a wave produces in a second. The number of hertz is calculated by dividing the number of repeat cycles by the length of time in seconds.Full Answer >
The difference between frequency and amplitude is that frequency is a measurement of cycles per second, and amplitude is a measurement of how large a wave is. Amplitude represents the wave's energy.Full Answer >