Pluto is 4.67 billion miles away from Earth. At a certain condition, the two celestial bodies are only 2.66 billion miles apart. NASA sent the New Horizons spacecraft on a mission to visit Pluto, and it is expected to reach the Pluto-Charon system 11 years after its take-off on Jan. 19, 2006.Continue Reading
The distances between planets in the solar system vary constantly because they travel in elliptical orbits rather than perfect circles. The heavenly bodies are in constant motion, which is why they are not always in preferred positions at the time of a mission launch. This factor causes delay to reach a target destination.
Probes sent by scientists to learn more about celestial bodies need a lot of help during space travel. Satellites frequently require fuel-less acceleration, therefore they use the gravity of planets, moons and even the sun. The New Horizons mission, only the fifth probe to cross interplanetary space, is trying to surpass what the Voyager and Pioneer accomplished. The spacecraft already passed by Mars and received gravity assistance from Jupiter on its way to Pluto. Its closest approach to the dwarf planet is expected to occur at 7:49:59 a.m. EDT on July 14, 2015, based on NASA's calculation.Learn more about Planets
Pluto has an average radius of 715 miles. The planetary body is 20 percent smaller than Earth and it has a diameter of 1,430 miles.Full Answer >
According to About.com, the diameter of Pluto is approximately 1,475 miles. Before its demotion to a dwarf planet in 2006, Pluto was the smallest of the nine planets orbiting the Earth. The diameter of its single satellite, Charon, is about half of Pluto's own diameter.Full Answer >
According to NASA, Pluto has a mass that is equal to 0.0022 that of Earth's, or 1.3 sextillion kilograms. This makes Pluto considerably less massive than, not just all eight planets, but also several of the moons in the solar system.Full Answer >
Pluto is cold because it is, on average, 3.6 billion miles away from the sun. The sun provides heat and energy to the entire solar system, and the farther away planets are from the sun, the colder they are.Full Answer >