Bladder suspension surgery takes approximately one hour, according to WebMD. Surgeries performed through the vagina or laparoscopic incisions have a shorter recovery time than those done through an incision in the abdomen.
Bladder suspension surgery is performed to control incontinence. Before the surgery, the patient receives general or spinal anesthesia. During an open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the lower abdomen. The doctor sews the bladder neck and the urethra to the pelvic bones and ligaments. In a laparoscopic surgery, a smaller incision is made. A tube used to help the doctor see the organs is inserted into the small incision, and the sutures are performed, reports MedlinePlus.
Bladder suspension surgery carries risks. Temporary difficulty urinating, overactive bladder, urinary tract infections and painful intercourse are some potential complications, states Mayo Clinic.