How Does the Liver Work?


Quick Answer

The human liver works with the gallbladder, pancreas and intestines during the digestion process. The liver also plays an important role in blood purification. Along with detoxifying and circulating blood, the liver produces blood-clotting proteins.

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Full Answer

The human liver is comprised of a right lobe and left lobe that are separated by connective tissues known as the coronary and falciform ligaments. The liver sits on top of the gallbladder and to the right of the belly. The organ weighs approximately 3 pounds and is protected by the ribcage, making it less noticeable to healthy humans.

The tissue that makes up the liver is comprised of lobules. These liver cells process blood that flows through various canals in the liver. This process cleanses the blood and also determines whether any blood is stored, passed back into the bloodstream or eliminated from the body through a bowel movement.

The liver's role in blood purification and detoxification also helps regulate blood sugar and the metabolism of carbohydrates. The liver breaks down glycogen when the body is low on sugar. The liver also releases stored vitamins and minerals along with processing glycogen. The liver combines multiple aspects of the metabolic process to keep the body's blood clean and healthy.

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