Lithium is an alkali metal that is malleable. Malleability refers to a physical property of metals that relates to a metal’s ability to deform under compression without breaking. Lithium is silver in color, ductile and very reactive.
At room temperature, lithium is a solid that has the chemical symbol Li. This element also has a melting point of 180.54 degrees Celsius, and its boiling point is 1347.0 degrees Celsius. Lithium is not present in free form in nature, but it is present in ores such as petalite and spodumene.
Although the discoverer of lithium was Johan Arfvedson in 1817, Humphry Davy and William Brande in 1818 independently isolated pure lithium through a process called electrolysis.
Today, there are many uses of lithium and its compounds, including in batteries, for heat transfer applications, in the nuclear industry and as an alloying agent. In the form of lithium carbonate, it is used to treat manic depression disorder.