Q:

Where does lithium come from?

A:

Quick Answer

Lithium is obtained in large amounts through the electrolysis of lithium chloride. The element lithium was originally discovered within the mineral petalite (LiAl(Si2O5)2) by Johann August Arvedson, a Swedish chemist, in 1817.

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Full Answer

Sir Humphry Davy and William Thomas Brande were the first to isolate lithium through the electrolysis of lithium oxide (Li2O). Lithium is a solid metal element widely used in heat transfer applications. It is quite lightweight. It is used in alloys with cadmium, manganese, aluminum and copper for making durable metals for aircraft. In other forms, it is used to eliminate carbon dioxide from the atmosphere of spacecraft and to treat people with manic depression disorder.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the chemical formula for lithium oxide?

    A:

    The formula for lithium oxide is Li2O. Its molar mass is 29.88 grams per mole. It is a white solid, with a density of 2.013 grams per cubic centimeter, obtained from burning lithium metal in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.

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  • Q:

    Where can you find lithium?

    A:

    Geologists and other scientists recover lithium from spodumene, a type of mineral, and from brine, a type of water with a high lithium carbonate concentration, according to The Encyclopedia of Earth. Brine is the primary source and, in the United States, it is estimated that there are about 760,000 tons in reserves.

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  • Q:

    What are common minerals found in glass?

    A:

    Common minerals found in glass include feldspar, lithium, quartz and sodium carbonate. Quartz is also known as silica, though that substance is also found in other minerals. Sodium carbonate is also called soda ash or trona.

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  • Q:

    What element has four neutrons?

    A:

    In the periodic table, lithium is the element with four neutrons. Lithium also has three protons and three electrons. Lithium is an alkali metal that is found in group one on the periodic table.

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