How does the liquid in a glass thermometer work?


Quick Answer

The liquid in a glass thermometer, either colored alcohol or mercury, expands as it heats and condenses as it cools. In a thermometer, the liquid cannot expand outward and the only place it can go is up or down. Temperature on a glass thermometer can be measured in Fahrenheit, Celsius or Kelvin.

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Full Answer

Once a thermometer is built and filled with liquid, numbers are printed, usually along the outside. These numbers make it easy to determine the temperature of a person, home or even the outdoors.

Thermometers that do not use liquid use a spring mechanism that expands as it heats and contracts as it cools.

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