A mushroom's life cycle consists of sporulation, mycelium growth, mushroom primordia and growth into a mature mushroom. The mature mushroom then produces spores and the entire process is repeated.
The life cycle of a mushroom occurs in five steps:
- Adult mushrooms produce spores and release them into the air. This is known as sporulation.
- The spores are carried by the wind and land in a hospitable growing environment. The environment can be soil, manure or even debris from other plants. They germinate and start to produce mycelium in the soil.
- The mycelia grow toward the surface and form the mushroom primordia. At this stage, it resembles a small mushroom with a casing called the universal veil.
- The mushroom grows, breaks the universal veil and becomes a mature mushroom.
- The mature mushroom produces its own spores, and the process repeats itself.