What Is a Lewis Dot Structure?


Quick Answer

According to the UNC-Chapel Hill Chemistry Fundamentals Program, the Lewis structure is a visual representation of the covalent bonding of a molecule or ion. Lewis dot structures are a part of the Lewis diagram.

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Full Answer

Lewis dot structures are also known as Lewis dot diagrams, electron dot diagrams and most commonly, Lewis structures. Lewis diagrams represent paired and unpaired valence electrons in an atom, based on the electron structures in the Atomic Structure and Periodic Table chapters. Lewis dot structures specifically display the electrons of the outer shells of an atom in a Lewis diagram.

The Lewis dot structure was named after its creator, Gilbert Newton Lewis, who introduced it in his article "The Atom and the Molecule," published in April of 1916.

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