As of March 2014, Kilauea is in a constant state of eruption. It had lain dormant for several hundred years until it suddenly erupted on January 3, 1983. Superheated air and magma spewed into the air, and Kilauea has been actively erupting since.Continue Reading
The Kilauea volcano erupts from two primary locations. The summit located at the Halema'uma'u crater continually vents and displays a plume in the sky. The east rift zone, which was created by the initial eruption called Pu'u 'O', pushes lava northwest through a forest.
Since 1983, the constant flow of lava into the ocean has created approximately 500 acres of new land but has also destroyed hundreds of homes. The volcano and the area surrounding it remains dangerous to visitors.Learn more about Volcanoes
Some of the most famous volcanoes are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, Mount Fuji in Japan, Mount Saint Helens in the state of Washington, and Kilauea in Hawaii. Some have been quiet for centuries, but others have erupted in 2015.Full Answer >
As of June 2014, the last time Mount Etna erupted was January 2014. The eruption was the first of the year 2014 and was caused by formation of a new crater on the southeastern volcano that resulted from the 2013 eruption.Full Answer >
The last eruption of Mount Unzen happened in 1995 after a series of at least 10,000 pyroclastic flows that persisted between 1991 and 1994. The worst eruption during this period happened on June 3, 1991 and killed 43 people, including French volcanologists Katia and Maurice Krafft.Full Answer >
Volcanoes are formed from previous magma (molten rock from the Earth's interior) emissions that slowly cool and harden over time, forming a visible vent in the Earth's surface. When magma and gas from the Earth's mantle (a region of molten rock that exists between Earth's core and surface) build enough pressure within the vent, a volcanic eruption occurs and causes hot magma, gas and ash to spewed onto the Earth's surface and atmosphere at temperatures reaching 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >