What Kinds of Animals Live in Spain?

Spain has a diverse array of native animals, including a wide variety of deer, tortoises, bats, amphibians, small reptiles and snakes. Spain is also home to some endangered species, including Cantabrian brown bears, Iberian wolves and Spanish lynxes. Other animals commonly found in Spain are wild boar and wild goats. On the coast, seals, otters, whales and dolphins can be found.

Spain is also home to a large number of migratory bird species, including vultures, eagles, kites, bustards, storks and flamingos. The country has the second largest number of mammals in Europe, with 128 different species. Many native Spanish animals are recognized as endangered wildlife. One is the Iberian lynx, the most endangered cat species in the world, with fewer than 100 adult mammals remaining in Spain as of 2014. Other endangered species include Spengler’s freshwater mussels, the Mediterranean monk seal and the Hierro giant lizard.

Spain’s varied collection of wildlife can be attributed to its diverse ecosystems. Both the Southern European Montane Forest and Mediterranean Shrubland and Woodland areas cover parts of Spain. The country’s ecosystems consist of different types of habitats, including coastal aquatic, polar, alpine, grasslands, shrublands, forests, woodlands, crops and settlements. In crop and settlement habitats, native domesticated species include 11 breeds of horses and four breeds of cattle, including the famous Spanish fighting bull.