Doctors treating nerve damage include neurologists and neurosurgeons. Neurologists and neurosurgeons diagnose and treat the same conditions affecting the nervous system, although neurosurgeons provide relief primarily through surgery. These specialists identify and offer remedies for conditions affecting the nervous system, including birth defects, illnesses and injuries of the spinal cord, brain, muscles and nerves in the nervous system.
Of the systems in the human body, the nervous system leads as one of the most complex. It extends throughout the entire body, reaching from the brain through nerves in the feet and toes. The nervous system controls motion and body movements. It breaks down into two categories, which are central and peripheral nervous systems. According to the University of Rochester, the central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system includes nerves, eyes and the skin.
In addition to nerve damage, neurologists and neurosurgeons diagnose and treat conditions and illnesses relating to the nervous system, including speech disorders, headaches and epilepsy. They also diagnose neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, and help patients with spinal cord injuries regain movement. The remedy for these illnesses and injuries, including nerve damage, varies according to severity. Experts at Johns Hopkins say neurologists generally encourage nonsurgical intervention for nerve injuries, ranging from the first to third degrees. More complex fourth-degree injuries, however, often warrant surgical repair.