The atmosphere of Jupiter consists of 90 percent hydrogen gas and nearly 10 percent helium. However, its atmosphere has trace amounts of ammonia, sulfur and water vapor. Jupiter is a gas giant that is also the biggest planet in the solar system.Continue Reading
Jupiter's diameter at the equator is approximately 89,000 miles. Clouds cover Jupiter's surface, and a prominent feature is the Great Red Spot, which is a massive hurricane-like storm. This storm has lasted about 350 years. Jupiter has strong winds that are between 192 to 400 miles per hour. It has a very strong magnetic field.
The temperature on Jupiter is about -108 degrees Celsius. It takes Jupiter 11.8 Earth years to rotate about the sun. It has a fast rotation about its axis. Jupiter has three known rings and over 60 moons or satellites. Some moons are Io, Europa and Ganymede. With a diameter of 5,268 kilometers, Ganymede is the biggest moon. It is bigger than the planet Mercury.
Many spacecrafts have visited Jupiter, including Cassini, Voyager 2 and Pioneer 2. In 2016, the Juno mission is expected to explore the planet.
Jupiter is a bright planet in the solar system and ancient civilizations were aware of its existence. Its name comes from the king of the Roman gods.Learn more about Astronomy
Jupiter is a gas giant composed almost entirely of hydrogen and helium in various forms, with trace elements taking up only 1 percent of the planet's composition. Although it is small compared to the sun, Jupiter is over twice as heavy as all other planets in the solar system combined.Full Answer >
Saturn has no surface and is a giant ball of gas that is mainly made up of helium and hydrogen, while the atmosphere of the planet also consists of the same gases. A handful of unmanned missions that have visited Saturn throughout history show that the planet has no surface to land on and is not capable of supporting living things.Full Answer >
The words "when the moon is in the seventh house, and Jupiter aligns with Mars" are lyrics from the song "Aquarius / Let the Sunshine In," popularized by the group The 5th Dimension. The song is a medley of songs originally from the 1967 musical "Hair."Full Answer >
Jupiter has an extremely thick atmosphere, and light from the sun penetrates only a short distance into it, which means that the majority of Jupiter looks like nothing but total blackness. Jupiter also receives very little light from the sun, making even the transparent layers of its atmosphere dim at midday.Full Answer >