Born Aug. 19, 1830 in Varel, Germany, Julius Lothar Meyer was a chemist best known for his contributions to the earliest drafts of the periodic table of the elements. He studied medicine at the University of Zurich and received his Ph.D. from the University of Breslau.
Meyer first developed his version of the periodic table between 1864 and 1868, at the same time that his contemporary and competitor, Russian scientist Dmitri Mendeleev, was working on a similar table. Meyer published a revised version of his table in 1870; his version of the periodic table made improvements on Mendeleev's. Meyer assumed a professorship of chemistry at the University of Tubingen in 1876. He held that post until his death on April 11, 1895.