Centrioles are tiny cylindrical tubes found in animal cells, and their job is to help organize the structure of microtubules during cell division. Centrioles are located near the cell’s nucleus and are arranged in such a way that they form a “9+3” pattern.Continue Reading
During the first phase of cell division in animal cells, centrioles replicate to form copies of themselves. According to Molecular Expressions, cell biology researchers are not yet sure how the duplication takes place. Before cell division starts, the centrioles live together in a pair of two groupings of microtubules. As cell division progresses, the original grouping disintegrates into two individual groupings that move to opposing poles of the cells.
The microtubules organize themselves into spindle-shaped structures that span the entire cell. The spindle-shaped fibers help in the alignment process of chromosomes as cell division progresses into the later stages. Although centrioles play a critical role in animal cell division, plant cells are capable of reproducing without them.
Centrioles in cells that have cilia or flagella are called basal bodies. However, in these cells, the centriole groupings are located closer to the cell’s surface rather than near the nucleus. In some organisms, basal bodies don’t have a permanent location, and they are functionally transformed into “normal” centrioles prior to cell division.Learn more about Cells
There are several key differences between plant and animal cells, such as cell wall structure, presence or absence of plastids, lysosomes and centrioles and shape of vacuoles. These characteristics are the primary and most distinct differences between plant and animal cells. However, they only exist in organisms classified as eukaryotic, and occur primarily in central organelles.Full Answer >
Centrioles are found in eukaryotic cells, which are found only in animal cells and a few lower plants. They are also found in male gametes of land plants, seed plants and higher plants such as ferns and club mosses. However, these cells are absent in conifers, angiosperms and most fungi.Full Answer >
The nucleus is designed to govern and control everything that happens within the entire cell, which includes the process of cell division. The nucleus is enclosed by a protective membrane, and it consists of three components, which are the nucleoplasm, chromosomes and the nucleolus.Full Answer >
The cytoskeleton moves organelles around in a cell, gives the cell shape, helps the cell to move and aids the cell during cell division. The cytoskeleton is made up of protein fibers.Full Answer >