Researchers at Florida State University found that Jamaica experienced landfalls of the eye of a hurricane 12 times between 1886-1995, an average of once every nine years. Jamaica was threatened by hurricanes 80 times during the same period.
Jamaica lies in the Atlantic hurricane belt, a region of frequent hurricane formation which reaches from northern Africa to eastern Central America and the Gulf Coast of the United States. It has experienced recorded hurricanes since 1519. Jamaica's most dangerous months for hurricanes are August, September and October. Because the island is mountainous, hurricanes can cause devastating flash floods and trigger mudslides in addition to bringing high winds and storm surges.